Saturday, April 12, 2014

HYPOGLYCAEMIA (LOW BLOOD SUGAR) CARE

HYPOGLYCAEMIA (LOW BLOOD SUGAR) Signs, Symptoms and CARE

All of a sudden you feel shaky, your skin is cool and damp and you are aware of a feeling of hunger. “If I don’t get something to eat soon, I think I’m going to faint.” You could be right, your body is telling that your blood sugar ha sudden dropped.

The most common scenario occurs two to four hours after eating. A very rapid absorption of glucose into the circulation causes an outpouring of a corresponding excess of insulin.

Symptoms may include faintness, weakness, trembling, palpitation diaphoresis, hunger and nervousness. This might be followed by headache, confusion, visual disturbance, and motor weakness, which can progress to loss of consciousness.

Low blood glucose (< 40 mg / 100ml) or low plasma glucose ( < 50 mg / 100ml), along with specific complaints are necessary for the diagnosis of hypoglycemia.

  • Acute episode of hypoglycemia should be treated by giving glucose promptly. Stir 2 or 3 tablespoonfuls of granulated sugar into a glass of juice or water.
  • A correct diet is essential to correct hypoglycemia. Remove all sugar, refined and processed foods such as instant rice, white flour, soft drinks, alcohol and salt. Avoid very sweet fruits and juices such as grapes and prune. Baked potatoes should be eaten plain or with a small of low fat yoghurt to moisten. Include vegetables, brown rice, artichokes, seeds, nuts, and cottage cheese in your diet.
  • Do not go without eating. Eat six to eight small meals throughout the day.
  • A high fiber diet will aid in avoiding blood sugar highs and lows. Fiber by itself, such as found in popcorn or rice bran, will slow down a hypoglycemia reaction.
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol and smoking which contribute to extremes of blood sugar.