Tuesday, April 22, 2014

RAYNAUD’S DISEASE

RAYNAUD’S DISEASE CARE


RAYNAUD’S DISEASE CARE


RAYNAUD’S DISEASE is a spasm of the small arteries and arterioles in the fingers and toes, with intermittent paleness of the skin.

The cause in some cases is unknown, but it may be secondary to other disease processes, such as arterial disease, connective tissue disorders, hypothyroid conditions of trauma, such as vibration from using equipment such as chain saws.

In individuals with long – standing disease the skin of the fingers or toes may become smooth, shiny and tight. Small painful area of gangrene and ulcers may appear on the tips of the fingers or toes.

  • Mild cases may be control by protecting the body and the extremities from the cold.
  • Because nicotine is a vasoconstrictor, you must stop smoking.
  • Avoid drugs, caffeine as it constricts blood vessels.
  • If the disease is complicated by diabetes, care should be taken to inspect the feet regularly for lesion and the diabetes should be managed.
  • Avoid tight- fitting clothing that can constrict blood flow.
  • You can force blood into the fingers. Twirl your arms in a windmill motion for several minutes; it forces the blood by centrifugal force to the fingers.
  • Increase your intake of iron- rich foods such as poultry, fish, lentils and leafy green vegetables.
  • Manage stress.
  • Inspect feet regularly to avoid developing any sores or rubbed spots from shoes. If any develop, pad with moleskin.